When used within the text of your paper, titles of all full-length works such as novels, plays, or books, should be underlined, e. Put in quotation marks titles of shorter works, such as newspaper, journal, and magazine articles, chapters of books or essays, e. Look it up in a dictionary whenever you are not sure whether a word is being used as a preposition, a conjunction, a noun, a verb, or an adverb.
For complicated details on how to cite titles and quotations within titles, sacred texts, shortened titles, exceptions to the rule, etc. If your written report or research paper is extremely long, it may be helpful to include a Table of Contents showing the page number where each section begins.
Grab Your Reader's Attention With the First Words
For those writing a lengthy document, i. A less involved Table of Contents may simply include the following sections: Introduction, Body use main section headings , Conclusion or Summary , Works Cited or References , along with the corresponding page number where each section begins.
No special word, phrase or fancy symbol is needed to mark the end of your essay. A period at the end of your last sentence is all that is needed.
Sheets of paper should be stapled at the upper left-hand corner. Use a paper clip if no stapler is available. Do not use a pin or fold the paper. Unless specifically requested by your teacher, do not hand in your paper in a folder, a binder, a plastic jacket, rolled up with an elastic band around it, or tied with a ribbon or a string.
Do not spray perfume or cologne on your paper or use scented paper. And NEVER hand in your research or term paper in loose sheets even if the sheets are numbered and neatly placed in an envelope or folder. The condition of the paper you hand in is an indication of the respect you have for yourself and for your teacher. The topics used for each research paper are inherently different, and even identical topics will appear to be unique based on the viewpoints and educational level of the author. It should include a bulleted list of subheadings and headings; be sure to mention as much detail as possible.
How do you create an outline for your paper?
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Writing the Introduction Paragraph
Read to the end and still stuck with ideas for your research paper? In keeping with the hourglass principle, you can expand on the topic later in the conclusion. The conclusion is where you build on your discussion and try to relate your findings to other research and to the world at large. In a dissertation, it may well be the most important part of the entire paper - not only does it describe the results and discussion in detail, it emphasizes the importance of the results in the field, and ties it in with the previous research.
Some research papers require a recommendations section, postulating the further directions of the research, as well as highlighting how any flaws affected the results. In this case, you should suggest any improvements that could be made to the research design. No paper is complete without a reference list , documenting all the sources that you used for your research. This should be laid out according to APA , MLA or other specified format, allowing any interested researcher to follow up on the research.
One habit that is becoming more common, especially with online papers, is to include a reference to your own paper on the final page. Martyn Shuttleworth Jun 5, Parts of a Research Paper.
Retrieved Oct 19, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
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Menu Search Login Sign Up. Forgot password Sign up. Leave this field blank :. Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. Search form Search :. Reasoning Philosophy Ethics History. Psychology Biology Physics Medicine Anthropology. Martyn Shuttleworth Don't miss these related articles:. Back to Overview "Write a Paper". In the example introductory paragraphs below, the opening statement, supporting statements, or thesis statement is highlighted.
How to Write the Introduction of an Essay
There are many ways to write an introduction, but it is necessary to include each of the three parts: an opening statement or question that attracts the reader's attention — this is often called "the hook", supporting sentences which link "the hook" to the thesis, and a thesis statement that states the purpose and plan of the whole essay. Opening Statement Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Doolittle, could talk to animals and they could talk back. Many people fantasize about having such a skill.