Outline of a conclusion to a research paper

Even without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader. For instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.

Conclusions

Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease. Avoid saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings.

This includes "in summary" or "in closing. Moreover, using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion. A strong conclusion can stand on its own without being labelled as such. Do not wait until the conclusion to state your thesis. While it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more unorganized.

Always state the main argument or thesis in the introduction. A research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel.

How to create an outline for your research paper

A good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to finish. This is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for re-iteration. Leave out new information. All significant information should be introduced in the body of the paper. Supporting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed.

A conclusion should narrow the topic to a more general point. A conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper. You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion. Avoid changing the tone of the paper. The tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way through. Most often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental conclusion.

Even if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your paper. If you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the reader. This tone should be consistent throughout the paper, however.

Make no apologies. Do not make statements that downplay your authority or discoveries. Apologetic statements include phrases like "I may not be an expert" or "This is only my opinion. Avoid any statements in the first-person. First person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research paper. Intros should be about sentences long, you want to pose and start your point but don't go into scrutinizing detail.

Conclusions should be around , you are basically wrapping everything up so you want it short and sweet. Yes No. Not Helpful 11 Helpful State your viewpoint on the main idea of your research paper. For example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: the increasing numbers of endangered species is due to failure on the part of citizens of the world to care for the environment.

Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a conclusion if my thesis is to prove or disprove something? You should acknowledge the other side of the argument and discuss how your side is the "correct" one in the dispute; think of it like an "honorable mention. Start by introducing your topic and hypothesis, then state your research findings and write a conclusion.


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Not Helpful 12 Helpful Not Helpful 20 Helpful Writing, especially as you advance, is less about quantity and more about quality. Depending on your research topic or writing abilities, fulfilling these restrictions can be difficult. Don't elaborate too much, as you just wrote an entire body about these points.

Not Helpful 3 Helpful 7. Maybe just one or two, it's basically just the ending to wrap everything up. It doesn't have to be that long. Not Helpful 65 Helpful It depends on the subject and your style of writing, but preferably at least 5. You need to summarize, restate, and prove a strong opinion.

How to Make a Research Paper Outline - Professional Writing

Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Unanswered Questions.


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  7. Should the conclusion or the recommendations come first in the paper? Answer this question Flag as Flag as How do I write conclusions and recommendations for research papers? When writing a research paper on historical dynasties, what should I do to conclude it? How do I write a conclusion for my ambitions in life? How do I write a factual conclusion to my research paper? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.

    By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To write a conclusion for a research paper, start by restating your thesis statement to remind your readers what your main topic is and bring everything full circle. Did this summary help you? Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,, times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Co-Authored By:. Christopher Taylor, PhD.

    Co-authors: Updated: October 14, PV Paul Varathan Oct 9. RI Raja Ikram Aug Good work, keep it up. UA Ummay Aimen Sep 30, Part 1 helped a lot and also 'Common Pitfalls,' "In conclusion etc. A Anonymous Oct 22, It seems I did not include more than 2 points though, so it was a bit harder than it could have been for me. Rated this article:. SL Sally Larrin Mar 17, The steps were useful in helping me use the information I already had to make a coherent finish to the article.

    ML Maya Loeven Jun 4, Thank you to all the editors! A Anonymous Sep 26, It was very helpful, because it was hard to find such a tutorial in such great detail for free.

    Conclusions

    EH Eleah Haan Feb 28, There were step-by-step steps and even a quick skim will give one an understanding of a essay conclusion. MC Mark Consul Mar 6, This would help me make my research paper more catchy to my readers. Thanks a lot. KS Kathryn Salyer Feb 17, EH Eliza Hamilton Dec 12, Last minute history report due. I am a decent writer, but history kills me.

    This was so helpful! AS Ayesha Siddiquie Mar 21, A Anonymous Jun 1, MS Magi Saleh Jun 2, LB Louis Brooke Oct 16, BS Brooke Schmugar Oct 6, Now I know better! Future investigations are necessary to validate the kinds of conclusions that can be drawn from this study.

    A number of recommendations for future research are given. Further research is needed to confirm this novel finding. The literature review should clearly demonstrate that the author has a good knowledge of the…. In this blog, we review various academic writing resources such as academic phrasebank, academic wordlists,….

    What is a Research Paper?

    An abstract is a self-contained and short synopsis that describes a larger work. The abstract…. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Related Posts. Academic Phrases for Writing Literature Review Section of a Research Paper The literature review should clearly demonstrate that the author has a good knowledge of the…. Academic Phrases for Writing Abstract Section of a Research Paper An abstract is a self-contained and short synopsis that describes a larger work. Reply to this message. Leave a Reply Cancel comment reply Your email address will not be published.

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